Orange Revolution (Ukraine: помаранчева революція, also translated chestnut flower revolution) refers to what happened in Ukraine due to severe corruption, affecting voters and direct election frauds during the 2004 to 2004 in Ukraine from 2004 to 2005. A series of protests and political events.
In October 31, 2004, in the Ukrainian presidential election on October 31, 2004, because no players reached 50%of the law, the two players Victor You You, who won the most votes on November 21 of the same year, The re -election was held between Xianke and Victor Yanukovich. However, many Ukrainian domestic and foreign observers reported that the official announcement of the official announcement was caused by fraud, and it was generally generally felt by the public. This election fraud led to this protest.
Themark as its representative color during the election activity of Youxianke, so this exercise uses orange as a protest color. The symbol of this movement is the flag of orange ribbon and a book! ("Yes!" Yes! Youxianke! "). After the election results were announced, millions of protesters gathered in the city center of Kyiv, the capital of Ukraine. The supporters of You Xianke established a tent city that is constantly occupied by 24 hours. Promotion, sitting, big strikes and other incidents.
Forced by these protests, the Supreme Court of Ukraine announced that the result of the re -election was invalid and stipulated that it was repeatedly re -elected on December 26 of the same year. The second re -election was severely observed. Observer in Ukraine and International confirmed that there was basically no problem in this second re -election. You Xianke obviously won the result of 52%in this re -election. Yanukovich won 44%. January 23, 2005, You Xianke joined, marking the ultimate victory of the Orange Revolution.
orange ribbon is the sign of the orange revolution in Ukraine. The ribbon is often used to represent the second day of the protests between the second day protests from Ukrainian Prime Minister Victor Anukovich and the opposition player Victor Eukko. The official announcement was 3%ahead of Yanukovich than Uyshiko, but the results of the poll after voting prove that You Xianke should lead 11%. The difference between these two results is too great. The supporters of Yanukovich put this difference between the good relationship between You Xianke and the media, while the supporters of You Xianke announced the many local and foreign observer. Election fraud. Because there are already frauds in the first voting (but not as serious when re -election), the condemnation of fraud has received a lot of attention. The size of the fraud at the first voting was not very clear, and it was recognized that the scale of the fraud at that time did not reach the final result.
In protests It's accusations on election on the evening of the election day after the election fraud, You Xianke publicly called on the public to protest. Large -scale protests broke out in various cities in Ukraine on November 22, the largest of which is the largest independent square in Capital Kyiv, and it is estimated that 500,000 people participated in . On November 23, the protesters advanced to the Ukrainian parliament, and many people wore orange clothes or orange flags.
The symbolic announcement of the municipal government in the municipal government in other cities not accepting the official results, and this symbolic announcement has received widespread support from its citizens. You Xianke sworn in the president symbolically. When You Xianke had this oath in the parliament, only his supporters were present. Half of the club hall was empty. Although there was no legal effect, it showed that You Xianke refused to accept the results of the election caused by this fraud. determination. The opponent of You Xianke accused You Xianke's move illegal. Some of the eased Youxianke supporters are ambiguous. Some observers believe that if the incident develops more sharply, this symbolic oath may be beneficial to You Xianke. In this case, Yu Xianke's oath may be used to indicate that he has more legitimate command of the army and police organizations than trying to obtain the presidential status by trying to use fraud.
At the same time, at the main base of Yanukovich, local officials in the east and south of Ukraine began a series of actions, threatening the result if Yanukovich was announced that the victory was not being announced. If they accept it, they will split from Ukraine or at least other parts of the country to enter a federal state, and the areas they manage will have a special constitution. In eastern Ukraine, a demonstration of Yanukovich has occurred, and some supporters of Yanukovic also arrived in Kyiv. However, the demonstrators supporting Yanukovich in Kyiv are much less than supporters of Youxianko. Some estimates that there are millions of people on the street in the cold weather in Kyiv in some days. 
You Xianke You Xianke and the upcoming President Liebinad Kuchima to negotiate peacefully to solve the problems at the time, but the negotiation broke on November 24. The official statement of the Central Election Commission won the victory of Yanukovic, but the committee itself was accused of participating in the results of tampering the election, suppressing the local election results data they obtained, and using an illegal computer server tampering result. After the official results were announced, Yu Xianke spoke to his supporters the next day, asking them to start large -scale protests, overall strikes, meditation, etc., undermine government work, and forced the government to acknowledge its failure:
The people show their wishes to resolve this conflict, so the National Rescue Commission announced a national political strike. This on December 1 The Ukrainian parliament issued a resolution to strongly condemn divisionism and federalist actions and voted to the Ukrainian cabinet. Ukrainian Prime Minister Yanukovich does not recognize this voting. According to the Ukrainian Constitution Parliament, the government should resign, but if the prime minister Yanukovic and President Kurchma do not cooperate, the parliament has no means to force the government to resign.
The Ukraine Supreme Court finally broke through the political deadlock. The Supreme Court decided that due to the serious degree of fraud in the election, it was impossible to determine the election results. It announced that the official election results were invalid and ordered to repeat the re -election on December 26. You Xianke's supporters believe that this decision is a victory for them. The supporters of Yanukovich originally hoped that the entire election was repeated if the election was invalid, not just re -election. On December 8th, the parliament amended the law to provide a legal peripheral structure and a new government system for this election. You Xianke easily won the re -election and was officially announced as the winner on December 28.
The role of Ukrainian intelligence and security agencies In a report from the New York Times reported a very unusual role in the orange revolution. The predecessor of Ukrainian intelligence and public security organs was the former Soviet KGB, but it supported the opposition in this revolution. According to the New York Times reported on November 28, the Minister of the Ukraine's Ministry of the Interior transferred more than 10,000 policemen to suppress the demonstration on Kyiv Independence Square. However, the Ukrainian security organs notified the opposition leaders in advance. The leaders of the Ukrainian military intelligence organ called everywhere to prevent them from bleeding. The head of the security organs and the head of the army's anti -espionage agency acknowledged that they called to the Minister of the Interior, asking him to withdraw the suppression of the troops, and finally the Ministry of the Interior retired to prevent a bleeding incident.
In the "New York Times" reported that these measures of these security and intelligence agencies take these measures not only to prevent bleeding, but they are unwilling to serve Yanukovic as the president. One of the reasons is that one of the reasons is Because Yanukovic was sentenced to robbery and martial arts when he was young, in addition, he was always circulating between Yanukovic and corrupt merchants, and Yanukovic could be selected. It was a cheating for elections. The disagreement between the head of the Ukrainian security agency Smashk and Yanukovic also played a role. Obviously, there are many officers who support You Xianke in security institutions. The people of You Xianke obtained the strategic discussion of the internal strategy discussion of You Xianke's election consultant group and discussed how to deal with the record of You Xianke's records. These proof is unlikely that it is not provided by security agencies.
The intervention of foreign forces Mere analysts believe that the orange revolution is based on the strategic success of the first overthrowing Sloban Molosvic in Serbia. This strategy Later, he won again in the Rose Revolution of Georgia. Although these movements are spontaneous, they are achieved on the basis of extensive grassroots activities and opposition form alliances. Every time the government tried to maintain the demonstration after the general election was elected to maintain its power through election fraud.
The active role in these sports middle school students. The most famous of which is the young people who support Voylav Costinica in Serbia. Similar organizations in Georgia are called "KMARA". Similar organizations in Belarus have been unsuccessful. Similar organizations in Ukraine are called "Pora". The chairman of the Georgia Parliament's National Defense and Security Council and members of the other "enough" movement have provided Ukraine's leaders with non -violent struggle technology consultation.
This movements of many Western governments and non -governmental organizations provide funds and train their tactics to organize non -violent resistance. According to the Guardian, these institutions include the Open Social Research Institute of the United States Foreign Affairs, the United States International Development Agency, the National International Affairs Democratic Society, the International Republican Association, and the Freedom of the Non -Government Organization and the billionaire George Soros. The National Democratic Foundation funded by the Federal Government has supported Ukraine's non -governmental democratic construction activities since 1988 . Jean Sharp's articles about non -violent struggle are the strategic foundation of these student movements.
On the other hand, Russia directly and strongly support Yanukovic in this election. There are still controversy in the scope of these support, but some facts are beyond debate, such as before and elected the Chinese and Russian President Vladimir Putin met with Kurchima and Yanukovich many times. When the official results were published and questioned, Putin repeatedly gave a congratulatory congratulations on Putinkovic, which brought great embarrassment to Putin and Yanukovic later. During the election, the Russian official media reported to Yanukovic's reports very positive, and Yanukovic had many Russian consultants close to the Kremlin. Many observers agreed that Yanukovich has received great support from the economic system controlled by the Russian state. Other unheard of accusations include Russia's implication in the EydChotia poisoning incident.
The long -term tension between Warsaw and the Kremlin Polish publicly and officially supported Ukraine's democratic movement and Ukraine to join the European Union.
Ukraine: "Orange Revolution"
2004 In the Ukrainian presidential election at the end of 2004, the opposition leader You Xianke refused to accept the results of the first election on the grounds of the election. Essence Under the pressure of the United States and the European Union, Ukraine conducted a second presidential election. As a result, You Xianke was successfully elected. Because the supporters of You Xianke are marked by orange, it is called the "Orange Revolution." In the "revolution" of Georgia and Ukraine, the opposition is pro -Western forces, and most of the registered regimes are pro -Russian officials. The U.S. government not only pays for money, but also continuously puts pressure on the two governments and cheats the opposition. In the second voting, the opposition leader Yanukovic played the "Key Mr.". In the presidential election last year, this person was the biggest opponent of You Xianke. It is also the biggest victim to promote the so -called "Orange Revolution" that You Xianke's final election is elected. Yanukovich changed his mind this time because in the negotiations with You Xianke, the opposition party received a maximum concession of the president.
Youxianko and Yehanrov and Yanukovich held up to 4 hours of negotiation before the second vote of the parliament on the 22nd. memorandum.
In the memorandum, You Xianke agreed to give the opposition party's greater power, and quite a lot of presidential power was transferred to parliament or government prime minister; You Xianke promised that he would not use the country before the parliamentary election next year. Power suppression of opposition to the party also promised not to intervene in the "political trial" of former members of the regime. The memorandum also agreed to revoke the position of the State Secretary and President's first assistant in exchange for Yanukovic's support for Yehanrov.
You Xianke said that he was "glad to choose the latter between his colleagues (interests) and Ukraine (interest)."
"Orange" ideal fading
Most observer believes that the Ukrainian government crisis that lasted more than two weeks after the nomination of Yehanrov has been nominated through. At the same time, this also means that political pragmatism has replaced the ideal color of the so -called "orange revolution". According to Kyiv's U.S. -Ukraine Foundation Analyst Malgiyan Birinsky, "This can be regarded as a clear signal of the end of the Orange Revolution." A political game after the Orange Revolution. Yehanourov's formation of the new government temporarily eased the competition for the issue of government power by various political parties in China. However, the various parties of the Ukraine had a political bargaining. In fact, the prelude to the election of the parliament in March next year.
The new government is facing problems
Yehanourov has formed a new government to temporarily alleviate the struggle of the government's power ownership issues, but face the heavy responsibility of restoring the state economy Essence The Ukrainian Gikasum government has disbanded from February this year to September 8th, and its achievements in the field of economic development are lacking. In the past six months, the domestic economic situation in Ukraine has continued to sluggish, and the economic growth in the first half of the year was only 4 %. Industrial production has grown slowly, and the industrial growth in August is 0.9 %. There was severe inflation in Ukraine, and residents held demonstrations and protests in front of the Ukraine government building many times.
Yehanourov's new government faces a series of problems that urgently need to solve, including negotiations with Russia's natural gas prices. The market expands agricultural investment, completes the privatization process of state -owned enterprises, improves the investment environment, restores foreign investors' confidence in Ukraine, improves the government image, and improves the trust of Ukrainian residents in government work with a pragmatic spirit.
It how far can cooperate
The Ukrainian parliament elections in March next year will undoubtedly add variables to the continuity of government work. From January 2006, Ukraine's government will transition from the current president-parliamentary system to the parliamentary-presidential system. The power of parliament will expand, and the government will consist of the majority of the party's party. The results of the parliamentary election in March next year will directly determine the future destiny of the Yehanrov government. As an important figure of President Youxianke Party, Yehanrov's work performance in the next six months will directly affect the image of the president and the support rate of voters in the future parliamentary elections. At the same time, various political factions in Ukraine began to prepare for the next year's parliament elections, and they have formulated their respective action programs to find their own allies. In the process of fighting for parliament to pass the new Prime Minister's candidate, President You Xianke began to expand his cooperation with parliament to actively find allies for his party and groups to win parliamentary elections.
Prior to elections in the Ukrainian parliament, how far the cooperation between Youxianko and Yanukovic can still have variables, and the former Prime Minister Ji, who did not obtain any benefit during the new Prime Minister's generation, Mo Shenke is still actively seeking to join forces with the president again.
The analysts here believe that within half a year before the parliamentary election, how much positive changes can the Yehanrov government can bring to the country will become the final partner of the parliament and decide to decide the Ukrainian parliament elections. Key factor
In the second voting, the opposition leader Yanukovic played the "key gentleman". In the presidential election last year, this person was the biggest opponent of You Xianke. It is also the biggest victim to promote the so -called "Orange Revolution" that You Xianke's final election is elected. Yanukovich changed his mind this time because in the negotiations with You Xianke, the opposition party received a maximum concession of the president.
The analysts here believe that within half a year before the parliamentary election, how much positive changes can the Yehanrov government can bring to the country will become the final partner of the parliament and decide to decide the Ukrainian parliament elections. The key factor. Reference materials: news.tom
It is essentially a racial revolution. is a racial struggle between Ukraine and Russians in Ukraine. This is the victory of the Ukraine, making the Ukraine closer to the West and getting rid of Russia's control.
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